Settembre 27, 2021

Mauritius China Trade Agreement

The most recent agreement signed on October 17, 2019 is the Mauritius-China Free Trade Agreement (FTA) – the first free trade agreement signed by China with an African country. The agreement will allow Mauritius to increase and diversify its exports to China by allowing Mauritius duty-free access to more than 8,000 products, and the two countries will eventually achieve zero tariffs at 96.3% (China) and 94.2% (Mauritius) of the items traded. Mauritius is a beneficiary of the Generalised System of Preferences (GSP) offered by Japan, Norway, Switzerland, the United States and the Customs Union of Belarus, Kazakhstan and Russia. Mauritius is a member of the Free Trade Agreement of the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA) and the Southern African Development Community (SADC). The Indian Ocean Commission (IOC) brings together the Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, Réunion and Seychelles to promote diplomatic, economic and trade relations between the islands. Currently, only products traded between Mauritius and Madagascar that comply with the IOC`s rules of origin have duty-free access. Mauritius has a free trade agreement with Turkey and a preferential trade agreement with Pakistan. Mauritius can also benefit from trade preferences with the European Union under the Interim Economic Partnership Agreement. In this regard, the Mauritius-China Free Trade Agreement presents a number of challenges, including the current RULES of Origin (ROO) conditions, which could hamper the success of the AfCFTA.

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